The Achilles tendon is a common source of pain in both athletes and non-athletes. This pain occurs over the back and the heel of the foot and may accompany swelling.
There are two broad types of Achilles tendon injuries or tendonitis – insertional and non-insertional. The insertional kind of tendon injury causes pain at the insertion of the tendon. This is usually associated with a bony deformity or spur. On the other hand, the non-insertional type causes a diffuse ache across the length of the tendon.
Conservative Treatment for Achilles Tendonitis
Many patients will benefit from proper physiotherapy exercises and anti-inflammatory medicines to improve the mobility and relieve the pain respectively. Your doctor may also recommend you to wear special shoes or braces to support the tendon.
Surgery for Achilles Tendonitis
If you find no improvement through exercises and medication, surgery might be required. With the modern advancements in surgery, Achilles Tendonitis is now corrected with minimally invasive methods that facilitate a swift recovery.
The inflamed tissues along with the bony spur are subsequently removed through this technique.
Reconstruction of chronic tears of the Achilles tendon is performed through arthroscopy. This minimally-invasive technique makes use of a small incision and an arthroscope to visualize the torn tendon; reconstruction with a nearby tendon such as the flexor hallucis longus is then done.