The utilization of stem cells in medicine has redefined treatment. Stem cells are premature cells that can differentiate into specialized mature cells.
The use of these cells in oncology has been around for a while, but now stem cell therapeutics is also gaining importance in orthopaedic surgery.
Stem Cell Therapy in Orthopedic Surgery
The type of stem cells used in the field of orthopaedics is the mesenchymal stem cell type. These cells have the ability to develop into specialized tissues like bones, muscles and cartilage.
Stem cells are extracted from the bone marrow of the patient. They are then cultured in the special laboratories.
Since the stem cells are taken from the patient’s own body, there is a zero chance of rejection.
When is Stem Cell Therapeutics Useful?
Stem cell therapeutics is still in the works but has been found to be conducive in certain conditions.
These include growth plate arrest in children, ligament reconstruction surgeries, meniscus repair surgeries and to treat cartilage problems such as chondritis dissecans.